Artificial intelligence in healthcare: opportunities and risk for future

benefits of artificial intelligence in healthcare

The most complex forms of machine learning involve deep learning, or neural network models with many levels of features or variables that predict outcomes. There may be thousands of hidden features in such models, which are uncovered by the faster processing of today’s graphics processing units and cloud architectures. Their combination appears to promise greater accuracy in diagnosis than the previous generation of automated tools for image analysis, known as computer-aided detection or CAD. Advances in AI have the potential to transform many aspects of healthcare, enabling a future that is more personalised, precise, predictive and portable.

Clinicians’ Views on Using Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare … – Cureus

Clinicians’ Views on Using Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare ….

Posted: Thu, 14 Sep 2023 20:53:37 GMT [source]

In this report we include applications that affect care delivery, including both how existing tasks are performed and how they are disrupted by changing healthcare needs or the processes required to address them. We also include applications that enhance and improve healthcare delivery, from day-to-day operational improvement in healthcare organizations to population-health management and the world of healthcare innovation. It’s a broad definition that covers natural language processing (NLP), image analysis, and predictive analytics based on machine learning.

Wrong diagnosis

Measures of quality control in practice and quality improvement in the use of AI must be available. Artificial Intelligence (AI) holds great promise for improving the delivery of healthcare and medicine worldwide, but only if ethics and human rights are put at the heart of its design, deployment, and use, according to new WHO guidance published today. 6 min read – IBM Power is designed for AI and advanced workloads so that enterprises can inference and deploy AI algorithms on sensitive data on Power systems. 5 min read – Learn how to more effectively manage your attack surface to enhance your security posture and reduce the impact of data breaches. This study aimed to find out the opportunity of artificial intelligence (AI) and the risk in health service.

By focusing efforts on these tightly-defined goals, managers can then onboard AI far more quickly. However, high switchover disruptions reduce the incentives for firms to adopt innovations, particularly in markets — like those for physician and hospital services and health insurance — that are highly concentrated and protected from external competition by regulatory and other barriers. Without action, the health sector may delay or forego valuable AI applications much as it did with EHRs. Artificial intelligence has the potential of making sense of complex medical data, gaining insights, and improving the recognition of behavioral patterns.

major challenges companies face while implementing AI for medicine

Some providers are even experimenting with AI as a tool to help them communicate more compassionately with patients. The purpose of these tools should be to enable providers to do more for more patients in more places than would be possible without them. Moreover, as we move into the future of AI integration in healthcare, the number of effective case studies and examples will continue to increase.

Designers, developers and users should continuously and transparently assess AI applications during actual use to determine whether AI responds adequately and appropriately to expectations and requirements. AI systems should also be designed to minimize their environmental consequences and increase energy efficiency. Governments and companies should address anticipated disruptions in the workplace, including training for health-care workers to adapt to the use of AI systems, and potential job losses due to use of automated systems. In future, with better access to data (genomic, proteomic, glycomic, metabolomic and bioinformatic), AI will allow us to handle far more systematic complexity and, in turn, help us transform the way we understand, discover and affect biology. To make progress towards precision therapeutics, we need to considerably improve our understanding of disease. Researchers globally are exploring the cellular and molecular basis of disease, collecting a range of multimodal datasets that can lead to digital and biological biomarkers for diagnosis, severity and progression.

This phase could also include a broader use of NLP solutions in the hospital and home setting, and more use of AI in a broader number of specialties, such as oncology, cardiology, or neurology, where advances are already being made. This will require AI to be embedded more extensively in clinical workflows, through the intensive engagement of professional bodies and providers. It will also require well designed and integrated solutions to use existing technologies effectively in new contexts. This scaling up of AI deployment would be fuelled by a combination of technological advancements (e.g., in deep learning, NLP, connectivity etc.) and cultural change and capability building within organizations. Future applications of AI in healthcare delivery, in the approach to innovation and in how each of us thinks about our health, may be transformative.

benefits of artificial intelligence in healthcare

However, the use of AI-enabled tools in health care raises a variety of ethical, legal, economic, and social concerns. We recognise that there are significant challenges related to the wider adoption and deployment of AI into healthcare systems. These challenges include, but are not limited to, data quality and access, technical infrastructure, organisational capacity, and ethical and responsible practices in addition to aspects related to safety and regulation. Some of these issues have been covered, but others go beyond the scope of this current article. AI is not one ubiquitous, universal technology, rather, it represents several subfields (such as machine learning and deep learning) that, individually or in combination, add intelligence to applications. These examples of artificial intelligence in healthcare are not a case of using AI technology to replace healthcare professionals, but an example where using new technology can provide better diagnosis and care, at a greater speed and with less human intervention.

The AI-based diagnostic system to detect intracranial hemorrhages unveiled in December 2019 was designed to be trained on hundreds, rather than thousands, of CT scans. Jha said a similar scenario could play out in the developing world should, for example, a community health worker see something that makes him or her disagree with a recommendation made by a big-name benefits of artificial intelligence in healthcare company’s AI-driven app. In such a situation, being able to understand how the app’s decision was made and how to override it is essential. Since the algorithms are designed to learn and improve their performance over time, sometimes even their designers can’t be sure how they arrive at a recommendation or diagnosis, a feature that leaves some uncomfortable.

This is a significant change in organizational culture and capabilities, and one that will necessitate parallel action from practitioners, organizations and systems all working together. A key to delivering this vision will be an expansion of translational research in the field of healthcare applications of artificial intelligence. Alongside this, we need investment into the upskilling of a healthcare workforce and future leaders that are digitally enabled, and to understand and embrace, rather than being intimidated by, the potential of an AI-augmented healthcare system. It can help us understand some of the daily problems patients, nurses and others in healthcare face by analysing large digital health datasets using algorithms and other computing techniques. Nurses need to develop an understanding of AI capabilities and applications in healthcare relevant to their clinical practice. They should seek opportunities to get involved and subsequently to lead AI initiatives in healthcare.

An et al (2021) used several algorithms to organise patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) based on their disease severity and care needs. This computerised approach was designed to help nurse managers allocate ICU nurses with the right expertise to care for the patient. When asked about the outcomes organizations are trying to achieve through AI, surveyed health care leaders cited more efficient processes as their top priority (34%). Enhancing existing products and services (27%) and lowering costs (26%) are a distant second. None of these organizations has achieved all outcomes to a great extent, but making processes more efficient comes the closest (43%) (see figure 4). The ability of AI to examine large amounts of information quickly can help hospital and health plan administrators optimize performance, increase productivity, and improve resource utilization, resulting in time and cost efficiencies.

A recent study found that 83% of patients report poor communication as the worst part of their experience, demonstrating a strong need for clearer communication between patients and providers. AI technologies like natural language processing (NLP), predictive analytics and speech recognition can lead to healthcare providers having more effective communication with patients, which can lead to better patient experience, care and outcomes. AI can, for instance, deliver more specific information about a patient’s treatment benefits of artificial intelligence in healthcare options, allowing the healthcare provider to have more meaningful conversations with the patient for shared decision-making. Better machine learning (ML) algorithms, more access to data, cheaper hardware and the availability of 5G have contributed to the increasing application of AI in the healthcare industry, accelerating the pace of change. AI and ML technologies can sift through enormous volumes of health data—from health records and clinical studies to genetic information—and analyze it much faster than humans.

Future and potential of AI in the healthcare ecosystem

The complexity and rise of data in healthcare means that artificial intelligence (AI) will increasingly be applied within the field. Several types of AI are already being employed by payers and providers of care, and life sciences companies. The key categories of applications involve diagnosis and treatment recommendations, patient engagement and adherence, and administrative activities.

The benefits to patients and staff must be clearly communicated to senior management and all staff affected by the new AI tool. This type of complex change can be time consuming and requires multidisciplinary expertise and commitment to introduce a new digital innovation into clinical practice. Between October and December 2019, Deloitte’s Center for Technology, Media & Telecommunications surveyed 2,737 IT and line-of-business executives around the world to understand how organizations are adopting, benefiting from, and managing AI technologies by industry.

benefits of artificial intelligence in healthcare